Hungarian composer Emmerich Kálmán is best remembered for his operettas. He was born in 1882 in the Hungarian town of Siófok on Lake Balaton. He began studying piano as a teenager but was sidelined by stress injury in his hands. To continue pursuing his musical interests, he studied composition at the Budapest Academy of Music, where he was a fellow student of Béla Bartók and Zoltan Kodály. In 1907, Kalman was awarded the Franz Josef Prize of Budapest for a song cycle. Around the same time, he had his first success with operetta, which led him to Vienna. During his years there, he composed more than eight operettas, often mixing elements of Viennese and Hungarian musical styles with libretti of Hungarian themes. Because of the Nazi takeover of Austria in 1938, he left Vienna for Paris and then the United States, where he obtained citizenship. About a decade later, Kalman returned to Paris, where he remained until his death in 1953.